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Prototype Prescribing Outlier Dashboard for NHS Bradford District And Craven CCG

At OpenPrescribing we are piloting a number of data-driven approaches to identify unusual prescribing and collect feedback on this prescribing to inform development of new tools to support prescribers and organisations to audit and review prescribing. These pilot results are provided for the interest of advanced users, although we don't know how relevant they are in practice. There is substantial variation in prescribing behaviours, across various different areas of medicine. Some variation can be explained by demographic changes, or local policies or guidelines, but much of the remaining variation is less easy to explain.

The DataLab is keen to hear your feedback on the results. You can do this by completing the following survey or emailing us at [email protected]. Please DO NOT INCLUDE IDENTIFIABLE PATIENT information in your feedback. All feedback is helpful, you can send short or detailed feedback.

This report has been developed to automatically identify prescribing patterns at a chemical level which are furthest away from “typical prescribing” and can be classified as an “outlier”. We calculate the number of prescriptions for each chemical in the BNF coding system, the count of all prescriptions within that chemical's BNF subparagraph, for prescriptions dispensed between June 2021 and December 2021. We then calculate the ratio of these counts along with the mean and standard deviation of those ratios across all CCGs. From this we can calculate the “z-score”, which is a measure of how many standard deviations a given CCG is from the population mean. We then rank your “z-scores” to find the top 10 results where prescribing is an outlier for prescribing higher than its peers and those where it is an outlier for prescribing lower than its peers.

For each outlier chemical, a kernel density estimation plot of all CCG's chemical:subparagraph ratios is provided, with this CCG's ratio overlaid in red.

It is important to remember that this information was generated automatically and it is therefore likely that some of the behaviour is warranted. This report seeks only to collect information about where this variation may be warranted and where it might not, to inform research on this topic. Our full analytical method code is openly available on GitHub here.

This is a new, experimental feature. We'd love to .

Prescribing where NHS Bradford District And Craven CCG is higher than most

BNF Chemical Chemical Items BNF Subparagraph Subparagraph Items Ratio Mean std Z_Score Plots
Daptomycin 4 Some other antibacterials 1,030 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.20
Estradiol, estriol and estrone 6 Oestrogens and Hormone Replacement Therapy 20,327 0.00 0.00 0.00 10.14
Nintedanib 1 Other antineoplastic drugs 242 0.00 0.00 0.00 9.95
Tacalcitol 815 Preparations for psoriasis 7,790 0.10 0.00 0.01 9.24
Risedronate sodium 22,192 Bisphosphonates and other drugs 40,590 0.55 0.09 0.06 8.01
Chorionic gonadotrophin 2 Hypothalamic & anterior pituitary hormone & antioestrogens 831 0.00 0.00 0.00 7.49
Posaconazole 37 Triazole antifungals 3,610 0.01 0.00 0.00 7.27
Glimepiride 65,716 Sulfonylureas 78,790 0.83 0.08 0.11 6.66
Maltodextrin 344 Foods for special diets 8,093 0.04 0.01 0.01 6.36
Tropicamide 116 Mydriatics and cycloplegics 616 0.19 0.02 0.03 6.35

Prescribing where NHS Bradford District And Craven CCG is lower than most

BNF Chemical Chemical Items BNF Subparagraph Subparagraph Items Ratio Mean std Z_Score Plots
Alendronic acid 15,454 Bisphosphonates and other drugs 40,590 0.38 0.87 0.06 -7.85
Gliclazide 13,044 Sulfonylureas 78,790 0.17 0.92 0.11 -6.64
Co-cyprindiol (Cyprote acetate/ethinylestradiol) 159 Oral preparations for acne 1,068 0.15 0.94 0.14 -5.53
Prasterone 0 Anabolic steroids 1 0.00 0.95 0.19 -5.03
    Calcipotriol 5,815 Preparations for psoriasis 7,790 0.75 0.87 0.03 -4.28
    Simvastatin 56,528 Lipid-regulating drugs 528,659 0.11 0.22 0.03 -3.44
    Sodium cromoglicate 15 Cromoglycate and related therapy 17 0.88 0.99 0.03 -3.38
    Betamethasone valerate 13,425 Topical corticosteroids 83,364 0.16 0.29 0.04 -3.24
    Cabergoline 208 Bromocriptine and other dopaminergic drugs 374 0.56 0.83 0.10 -2.84
    Carbimazole 3,231 Antithyroid drugs 3,655 0.88 0.94 0.02 -2.64