Why it matters: Rubifacients deep heat rubs and ointments are used to provide pain relief in musculoskeletal conditions. However, the BNF states that the evidence available does not support the use of topical rubefacients in acute or chronic musculoskeletal pain. This measure excludes topical NSAIDs and Capsaicin as per NHS England guidance.
Description: Cost of rubefacients per 1000 patients
CCGs are ordered by mean percentile over the past six months. Each chart shows the results for the individual CCG, plus deciles across all CCGs in the NHS in England.